Treatment of Heart Disease
A. Public Acts When Heart Attacks
After a heart attack the first time can be overcome then the patient should rest for 14 days. In the event of an attack several times and continue to take place repeatedly, and the attack came after a motion then the patient is given a complete rest. In the event of an attack for 15 minutes without experiencing decline occurs continuously and it is necessary doctor immediately.
2. Psychological Approach
Psychological approach and change in working arrangements and daily activities necessary to take action against heart disease. Psychological boost is needed because the patient usually feels lost in life expectancy that need psychological help.
Number of hours of work for people with heart disease should be limited. After the lunch break is necessary, including vacation every week or every month. Besides providing holiday breaks also assist in the psychological approach. The number of beds should be reproduced. Avoid stress at work. Do not Interested in a cool place once and must be careful when traveling by plane.
Sports that may be done for patients with heart disease is only mild exercise.
There is no specific diet for an obese person that calorie and fat can be reduced. Digestive disorders such as belching, bloating, fullness can be reduced by providing a low-fiber. Avoid eating fried foods, onions, corn, and food ingredients from plants that will cause gas in the stomach.
Try to defecate on a regular basis, do not get any constipation. If necessary use a mild laxative.
Do not smoke because smoking can increase the work of the heart that triggers a heart attack.
8. Coffee and Tea
Subtract the two types of drinks because if the excess will interfere with sleep and peace of heart attack sufferers.
Reduce the amount of alcohol consumption as a beverage, but with injections of alcohol were used as one way to reduce pain in a heart attack.
B. Heart Disease Treatment Method
To decimate the pain in the chest and help if at any time heart attacks are commonly used drugs as follows :
1. Nitrite class
Nitrite group works to reduce pain, and is used for preventing heart attacks. Nitrite group is divided into two, namely that its short-term nitrite and nitrite to work long term.
a. Nitrite is a short-term work
Nitroglycerin is the most appropriate drug for heart disease. This drug has the effect of rapid, low cost, and use the easy way.
Dose of 6 mg given as a tablet and is swallowed will give effect for 10-12 hours.
- Zalf Nitrol
Made of 2% nitroglycerin ointment. How to use only placed on sterile gauze and then placed on the chest pain area of 2-4 inches. Should be given 2-4 hours.
10-15 seconds to react after the administration of drugs, but it only works a few minutes.
- Sodium Nitrite
Administered through the mouth at a dose of 3-6 mg. This drug provides 10-15 minutes of reaction time delivery. Action for an hour or more.
b. Nitrite is a long-term work
Classes of drugs are used to make the dilation of coronary arteries in a long time. When given daily will prevent any future heart attack or may be to reduce the severity of heart attacks.
- Erythrityl tetranitrate (cardelate)
Administered through the mouth or under the tongue with a dose of 5 mg, 10 mg, or 15 mg 3 times a day.
- Isosarbide dinitrate (Isordil)
Administered four times daily at a dose of 10 mg.
Dose of 10 mg given 3 or 4 times a day. Giving perinitrate provide satisfactory results in the prevention of heart disease.